SALINITY SENSOR WITH MODBUS RTU OUTPUT MBRTU-SAL

USER GUIDE SALINITY SENSOR WITH MODBUS RTU OUTPUT MBRTU-SAL

JUL-2021

This document is applied for the following products

1. Introduction 

MBRTU-SAL is a salinity sensor based on electrodeless inductive measurement. It uses the generator to generate an alternating magnetic field in the primary coil to generate an induced current in the medium. The intensity of the induced current depends on the concentration of ions in the medium. The induced current creates another magnetic field in the secondary coil. The receiver measures the induced current on the coil to determine the salinity of the medium. At the same time, the built-in temperature sensor can automatically compensate the temperature, which is suitable for online long-term monitoring of the environment.

Application scope: Marine, industrial waste water, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, industrial manufacturing and other online whole process monitoring.

Features

  1. Digital sensor, direct output RS-485 digital signal, support Modbus / RTU
  2. The built-in temperature sensor can automatically compensate the temperature
  3. There is no electrode, so there is no polarization reaction
  4. The measurement and the medium are completely electrically isolated, which can be used for high-precision measurement of heavy and easily precipitated medium or solution with low cost of use and maintenance
  5. Low power consumption and anti-interference design of internal circuit

MBRTU-SAL-H1.png

2. Specification

Item

Specifications
Output Rs-485,MODBUS/RTU
Measuring Method Non contact electromagnetic principle
Range 0 ~ 70PSU
Accuracy ±1%F.S. or ±0.2PSU(Below 10psu)
Resolution 0.1PSU
Working Environment 0 ~ 65℃; < 0.6MPa

Calibration Method

Two point calibration

Respond Time

10 seconds T90

Temperature Compensation

Automatic temperature compensation(PT1000)

Power Supply

12-24VDC±10%, 10mA;

Size

Diameter 30mm; Length 185.5mm;

Protection level

IP68; The water depth is 20 meters; Other customization

Service Life

3 years or above

Cable 5m

Sensor housing material

PVC;PEEK;

4. Wiring

Please wiring as shown below:

MBRTU-TBD-H9.jpg

Wire color Description
Brown Power (12-24VDC)
Black GND
Blue RS485A
White RS485B
Bare line Shielding Layer

5. Maintenance and Precautions

5.1 Maintenance

5.2 Note

5.3 Other

Problem

Possible Causes Solution
The operation interface cannot be connected or the measurement results are not displayed Wrong cable connection Check the wiring mode
Wrong sensor address Check the address for errors
The measured value is too high, too low or the value is continuously unstable The sensor probe is attached by foreign objects Clean the sensor probe surface
Other Contact after sales

6. Modbus RTU Protocol

6.1 Information frame format

The default data format for Modbus communication of this sensor is:

MODBUS-RTU

Baud rate 9600 (default)
Device address 1 (default)
Data bits 8 bit
Parity check None
Stop bit 1bit

6.2 Register Address

Register Address

(hex)

Name R/W Introductions

Number of registers

(byte)

Data type
0x0100 Temperature value R ℃ value x10 (for example: the temperature of 25.6℃ is displayed as 256, the default is 1 decimal.) 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short
0x0101 Salinity value R PSU value x10 (for example, the salinity value of 12.1psu is displayed as 121, with 1 decimal place by default.) 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short
0x1000 Temperature calibration R/W Temperature calibration: the written data is the actual temperature value X10; Read out data is temperature calibration offset X10. 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short
0x1001 Zero point calibration R/W Zero point calibration in air. The data written during calibration is 0. 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short
0x1003 Slope calibration R/W Calibrate in the known standard solution (50% - 100% range), and write the data as the actual value of the standard solution × 10. 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short
0x2000 Sensor address R/W The default is 1, and the data range is 1-127. 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short
0x2003 Baud rate setting R/W The default is 9600. Write 0 is 4800; Write 1 is 9600; Write 2 is 19200. 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short
0x2020 Restore factory settings W The calibration value is restored to the default value and the written data is 0. Note that the sensor needs to be calibrated again after reset. 1 (2 bytes) unsigned short

6.3 Data structure type

Integer

unsigned int (unsigned short)

The data consists of two integers.

XXXX XXXX

XXXX XXXX

Byte1

Byte0

Float

Float, According to IEEE 754 (single precision); 

The data consists of 1 sign bit, 8-bit exponent, and a 23 bit mantissa .

XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX
Byte3 Byte2 Byte1 Byte0

Sign

bit

Exp digit F decimal

6.4 Modbus RTU command

6.4.1 Function code 03h: read register value

Host send

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

ADR

03H

Start register high byte

Start register low byte

Register number high byte

Number of registers low byte

CRC low byte

CRC high byte

The first byte ADR: slave address code (= 001 ~ 254)

Byte 2 03h: read register value function code

Byte 3 and 4: start address of register to be read

To read the FCC instrument,

Bytes 5 and 6: number of registers to read

Bytes 7 and 8: CRC16 checksums from bytes 1 to 6  

Slave return

1

2

3

4 , 5

6 , 7

 

M-1 , M

M+1

M+2

ADR

03H

total bytes

Register data 1

Register data 2

……

Register data M

CRC low byte

CRC high byte

The first byte ADR: slave address code (= 001 ~ 254)

Byte 2 03h: return to read function code

The third byte: the total number of bytes from 4 to m (including 4 and m)

Bytes 4 to m: register data

Byte m + 1, M + 2: CRC16 check sum from byte 1 to M

When the slave receives an error, the slave returns the error: 

1

2

3

4

5

ADR

83H

Information code

CRC low byte

CRC high byte

The first byte ADR: slave address code (= 001 ~ 254)

Byte 2 83h: error reading register value

Byte 3 information code: 01 - function code error

03 - data error

Bytes 4 and 5: CRC16 checksums from bytes 1 to 3

6.4.2 Function code 06h: write single register value

Host send

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

ADR

06

Register high byte address

Register low byte address

Data high byte

Data low byte

CRC code

Low byte

CRC code

High byte

When the slave receives correctly, the slave sends back:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

ADR

06

Register high byte address

Register low byte address

Data high byte

Data low byte

CRC code

Low byte

CRC code

High byte

When the slave receives an error, the slave returns: 

1

2

3

4

5

ADR

86H

Error code information code

CRC code

Low byte

CRC code

High byte

The first byte ADR: slave address code (= 001 ~ 254)

The second byte 86h: write register value error function code

Byte 3 error code information code: 01 - function code error

03 - data error

Byte 4 and 5: CRC check sum from byte 1 to 3

6.5 Command example

6.5.1 Default register:

a) Change slave address: 

Address:0x2000 (42001)    

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x06

Default sensor address: 01

Change the Modbus device address of the sensor, and change the device address from 01 to 06. The example is as follows:

Send command: 01 06 20 00 00 06 02 08

Respond: 01 06 20 00 00 06 02 08; Note: the address is changed to 06 and stored after power failure.

b) Baud rate:

Address: 0x2003 (42004)

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x06

Default value: 1 (9600bps)

Supported values: 0-2 (4800-19200bps)

The baud rate can be changed by the upper computer setting, and it can work without restart after the change. The baud rate saves the upper computer setting after power failure. Baud rate support 4800 9600 19200. The baud rate of integer value allocation is as follows:

Integer

Baud rate

0

4800 bps

1

9600 bps

2

19200 bps

Send command: 01 06 20 03 00 02 F3 CB

Respond: 01 06 20 03 00 02 F3 CB Note: the baud rate is changed to 19200bps and saved after power failure.

6.5.2 Function register: 

a) Measuring temperature command:

Address: 0x0100 (40101)

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x03

Read sample values: 19.2℃

Send command: 01 03 01 00 00 01 85 F6

Respond: 01 03 02 00 C0 B8 14

Returns hexadecimal unsigned integer data, temperature value = integer / 10, 1 bit decimal place is reserved.

b) Salinity measurement instruction: 

Address: 0x0101 (0x40102)

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x03

Read sample values: 9.1PSU

Send command: 01 03 01 01 00 01 D4 36

Respond: 01 03 02 00 5B F9 BF

Register returns hexadecimal unsigned integer data, salinity value = integer / 10, 1 decimal place reserved.

c) Continuous reading of temperature and salinity instructions: 

Address: 0x0100 (40101)

Number of registers: 2

Function code: 0x03

Read sample values: Temperature 19.2 ℃ and salinity 9.1 PSU

Send command: 01 03 01 00 00 02 C5 F7

Respond: 01 03 04 00 C0 00 5B BB F4

Register returns hexadecimal unsigned integer data, temperature value = integer / 10, 1 decimal place reserved

Register returns hexadecimal unsigned integer data, salinity value = integer / 10, 1 decimal place reserved.

d) Humidity measurement command: 

Address: 0x0107 (40108)

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x03

Read sample values: relative humidity 40%

Send command: 01 03 01 07 00 01 34 37

Respond: 01 03 02 01 90 B9 B8

Register returns hexadecimal unsigned integer data, humidity value = integer / 10, 1 decimal place reserved.

6.5.3 Calibration instruction: 

a) Temperature calibration

Address: 0x1000 (41001)

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x06

Calibration example: calibration at 25.8 ° C

Send command: 01 06 10 00 01 02 0D 5B

Respond: 01 06 10 00 01 02 0D 5B       

The sensor needs to be calibrated in a constant temperature environment after the temperature indication no longer fluctuates.

b) Salinity zero calibration

Address: 0x1001 (41002)

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x06

Calibration example: calibration in air

Send command: 01 06 10 01 00 00 DC CA

Respond: 01 06 10 01 00 00 DC CA

c) Salinity slope calibration

Address: 0x1003 (41004)

Number of registers: 1

Function code: 0x06

Calibration example: calibration in 50 PSU salinity solution

Send command: 01 06 10 03 01 F4 7D 1D

Respond: 01 06 10 03 01 F4 7D 1D

7. Dimensions

MBRTU-SAL-H2.jpg

8. Contact

Manufacturer

Daviteq Technologies Inc

logo-01.png

No.11 Street 2G, Nam Hung Vuong Res., An Lac Ward, Binh Tan Dist., Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Tel: +84-28-6268.2523/4 (ext.122)

Email: info@daviteq.com | www.daviteq.com